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sh, mash - Window frames for the Inferno shells


wm/sh [ -w width ] [ -h height ] [ -f font ] sh-args
wm/mash mash-args


Both wm/sh and wm/mash provide a graphical framework to their respective shells. Both wrappers manage the input and output of the shell. They provide facilities for scrolling and editing the output buffer and for constructing input to be sent to the shell.

Wm/sh invokes the shell sh(1) with the arguments -n sh-args; wm/mash invokes mash(1) with the arguments mash-args. Wm/sh accepts the following additional options, which are not passed through to sh:

-w width
The window should be at least width pixels wide.
-h height
The window should be at least height pixels high.
-f font
Specify the font to use in the window. Font should be the name of a valid font(6) file.

Wm/sh and wm/mash both provide their own versions of /dev/cons and /dev/consctl files in the namespace of the invoked shell (see cons(3) for the originals) and attach the standard input of the invoked shell to the virtualised /dev/cons file. Output from the shell, or of any commands run by the shell, is displayed in a scrollable text window, appearing at the output position, which is at the end of any previously output text, before any as-yet-unread user input text.

Any text displayed on the console can be edited. Typed text is always inserted at the position of the input cursor. The input cursor can be moved to any point in the text by clicking mouse button-1 at the desired position. Selections can be made by dragging the mouse with button-1 held down. Typing into a selection copies its text to the Snarf buffer, the selected text is deleted and the typed character inserted.

Text typed beyond the output point will be made available to commands reading from /dev/cons. Normally this text is made available when newline is typed, but typing ESC turns on hold mode (the text turns blue), deferring the availability of the text until ESC is typed again, turning hold mode off. This allows simple multi-line editing of the standard input to a command.

Writing rawon to /dev/consctl changes the above behaviour, making each character typed beyond the output point available to commands as soon as it is typed; the character is not automatically echoed. Writing rawoff to /dev/consctl reverses this behaviour.

In addition to dragging out selections, they can be made by double clicking mouse button-1. Double clicking over a word selects the whole word. Double clicking next to a brace or bracket selects the text between it and its matching brace or bracket. If there is no match then no selection is made.

Clicking mouse button-2 displays a pop-up menu of editing commands:

Copy the current selection to the Snarf buffer and then delete the selected text. This command has no effect if there is no selected text, the Snarf buffer is not cleared.
When there is no text selected, the contents of the Snarf buffer are inserted at the current input cursor. If a selection exits, its text is replaced by that of the Snarf buffer. The new text is then selected. The contents of the Snarf buffer remain unaltered.
Copy the selected text to the Snarf buffer. This command has no effect if there is no selected text.
If there is any text selected it is copied to the Snarf buffer. The contents of the Snarf buffer is then appended to the end of the current shell input line, forwarding any NewLine completed lines to the shell's input stream.

Mouse chording is implemented as in acme(1). Dragging a selection with button-1 held down and then also clicking button-2 cuts the selected text into the Snarf buffer. Clicking button-3 instead of button-2 replaces the selected text with the contents of the Snarf buffer.

Clicking mouse button-3 plumbs the word or selection under the click point. See plumber(8) for more information on plumbing.

Wm/sh also serves the file /chan/shctl. The following commands may be written to this file:

cwd dir
Causes any plumbing request generated by wm/sh to be created with dir as its ``current directory''. This is shown in the title bar of the window. Note that it is up to the command running inside wm/sh to keep this up to date (for instance, see EXAMPLES, below).
button title sendtext
A Tk button is created at the top of the shell window, labeled with title. When activated, sendtext will be sent to the shell window as if it had been typed.
action title sendtext
A button is created as for the button command, except that activation of the button causes sendtext to be sent to any process reading from /chan/shctl.
Delete any buttons that have been created.

Arguments to commands sent to /chan/shctl follow sh(1) quoting rules (the same as implemented by quoted and unquoted in string(2)). A process reading from /chan/shctl will block until an action button is activated, whereupon it will yield the sendtext associated with the button.


Both wm/sh and wm/mash plumb text selected by button 3; an empty selection plumbs the white-space bounded text surrounding the selection.


Define a sh(1) function to update the current directory automatically:

	fn cd {builtin cd $*; echo cwd `{pwd} >/chan/shctl}

Note that this will not work in all cases, as it is possible to change the current directory without using the cd command.

Create a button to automate a mount command (note the newline in the argument string):

	echo ${quote button mount 'mount kremvax /n/remote
	'} > /chan/shctl

Create a new wm/sh window with the above button already created:

	wm/sh -ic {
		echo ${quote button mount 'mount kremvax /n/remote
	'} > /chan/shctl




sh(1), mash(1), wm(1), plumber(8)

WM-SH(1 ) Rev:  Tue Mar 31 02:42:38 GMT 2015